It is a legal requirement to register the birth of Every child born in Nigeria. The National Population Commission (NPC) has been responsible for the registration of births in Nigeria. It has decentralized registration by establishing birth registration centres in different locations in the local government headquarters, NPC registration Centres, NPC desks in hospitals and health Centres and other designated office. Information concerning the birth is entered in the Register by the registrar of births and deaths for the area in which the child was born.
Registering birth gives a child an identity and serves as official recognition by the Government. It also serves as a proof of nationality and a requirement for obtaining several documents like travel passport and national Identification documents. It is also required for school enrolment and for accessing a number of public services.
Cost of Birth Certificate
The registrar shall upon registering a birth deliver to the informant, free of charge, a certificate of birth
Where to apply
Birth may be registered in the following place;
· The National Population Commission (NPC)
· The NPC State offices and the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja
· NPC designated office in the Local Government
· And other registration Centres established by the commission
· NPC Desk in hospitals
Requirement for Registration
1. Name of the born child
2. Sex of the child
3. Date and place of Birth of the child
4. Parents names
5. Parents age at birth of child
6. Parents marital status
7. Parents state of origin and place of residence
Rules for Birth Registration
Time limit for registration
· Any person responsible for providing information regarding a birth is expected to do the registration within a period of 60 days from the date of the birth at no cost.
· A birth may be registered after the expiration of sixty days and within twelve months after the birth subject to the payment of prescribed fees.
· A birth may be registered after twelve months from the date of birth with the authority of the Deputy Chief Registrar and subject to the payment of prescribed fees.
Applying for Birth Certificate for Adults
Those born before the the Birth, Death etc Compulsory Registration (Act) can also apply for a birth certificate from the Commission however in order to be able to get one, an individual must first obtain a sworn affidavit from the local government in his area and when the affidavit is presented, the applicant goes under an interviews on which issuance of the birth certificate is based;
Registration of name subsequent to registration of birth
(1) A parent or Guardian can change the name of a Child after registering the birth, within twelve months after the registration of the birth, by applying to the Deputy Chief Registrar or the registrar for a prescribed fee.
(2) The new name will be entered as a name given to the child by the Deputy Chief Registrar or the registrar, however, the original entry will not be erased.
Registration of birth of child out of wedlock
There are different options for registration, including the father’s details, where the mother and father are not married.
The options are as follows:
· the registrar shall not enter in the register the name of any person as the father
· Both the mother and father can jointly request the registration and sign the register together
· The mother can also make a request accompanied with a declaration in the prescribed form stating that the said person is the father of the child; or
· The father may also make statutory declaration acknowledging himself to be the father of the child.
Persons responsible for registering births
· When a child is born in the house the Father or mother of the child, the head of the household and any person aged 18 years and above present at the birth shall be responsible for giving information concerning the birth.
· For birth in a hospital, health Centre, maternity or nursing home or other like institution, the medical officer in charge of such institution or any person authorised by him shall be responsible for registering the Child.
· Other people responsible for giving information concerning a birth to the registrar in the area in which the child was born include:
(a) the doctor, midwife or any other medical attendant, village maternity assistant, nurse, traditional birth attendant, other than a person in or attached to the institutions
(b) the village head, tax collector, health inspector, forest ranger or any other local functionary as may be notified;
(c) every religious minister, imam or other persons officiating religious services connected with births, naming ceremonies including baptism
Registering a Child Deserted in a Public Place
In a case where a living new-born child is found exposed in a public place, the person who finds the Child or the person in whose charge the child may be placed; or the nearest police officer shall present the Child for registration. If no information as to the place of birth is available, the birth shall be registered by the registrar of births and deaths for the area in which the child is found.
· A religious minister responsible for baptizing an infant shall request a certificate of registration of the birth signed by the registrar. If the child is not registered the religious minister shall, within forty-eight hours from the baptism, notify the registrar of the birth.
Persons performing the naming ceremony
An imam or
- Births, Deaths, etc. (Compulsory Registration) Act.